Are you getting worried about having diabetes or being unable to detect it? Researchers from all over the world conclude that almost 537 million adults are affected by the most common types of diabetes and are currently living with it. By 2030, the number of people living with such a disease could rise you almost 643 million which means that almost 3 in 4 people could be affected by such disease in low and middle-income countries. It is very important to find the right diabetes diagnosis and cure it before it’s too late. If you want to know more, you can follow this guide mentioned below for all you need to know about diabetes.
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes can happen to anyone. It’s a disease that commonly happens when your blood sugar levels are too high. It basically happens when the blood glucose levels in your body keep rising because of the growth of Insulin hormones in your body. It is basically happens when the pancreas fails to make any insulin making it a chronic disease.
As a result of this, the entire body cannot make any good use of the insulin hormone and it subsequently keeps on adding levels of glucose which results in diabetes mellitus or what we commonly know as diabetes.
What types of diabetes can Affect You?
There are four major diabetes types that can affect people. They are categorized under different sections based on the action and the target patience. You can have a look at them
1. Type 1 Diabetes
This type of diabetes generally happens when your body fails to make insulin. This is when the immune system destroys the pancreas cells resulting in no longer making insulin hormones. This type is commonly found in children and young adults but there is no bar on age and can happen to anyone.
2. Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes generally happens when the body does not make insulin constantly. The body can be highly irregular when it comes to the immune system and fails to generate insulin in the body. There is no age or bar when it comes to the effect of type 2 diabetes. This type of disease mainly occurs in middle-aged people and mostly in older people. This is the most common type of diabetes.
3. Gestational diabetes
Another type of diabetes that develops in some women is Gestational diabetes. This type of diabetes happens during the pregnancy period. However, it can also be curable after the pregnancy period is complete. However, it leaves an after the trail of conceiving type 2 diabetes in later life.
Prediabetes is not common. But it can happen to anyone or any people where the blood sugar level is found to be high. However, it is not enough to be caught with type-2 diabetes.
What are common Diabetes symptoms?
Diabetes could be leading to serious damage to your body. It is thus very important to detect and diagnose the diabetes signs before it becomes too late. Here are some common symptoms of diabetes found
- Frequent urination at night could be one common symptom
- You can always feel very tired often
- Always hungry to have food could be a symptom
- You can have blurry vision regularly
- Your hands and feet could be numb
- You can have regular dry skin issues
How diabetes affects the body
Diabetes could lead to multiple problems in your body and it could lead to other severe diseases in your body. Diabetes could affect every portion of the body when it comes to symptoms and diseases. Here are some ways diabetes could affect your body.
- This disease could increase the chances of stroke in your body.
- It could increase the chances of the loss of consciousness without the treatment of diabetes.
- You could experience a continuous sore throat, as a result, extreme thirst could be found
- You may experience visual disturbances often. As a result, you may not be able to breathe properly.
- The most common view that you could find is the lack of energy and fatigue. This could be very common.
What Are The Causes Of Diabetes?
Well! There are different types of Diabetes as we all know. Now, we must know about the causes behind the same. So, let’s check out.
1. Type 1 Diabetes Causes
It is actually caused when the immune system destroys the cells present in the pancreas which builds insulin. There are no such specific diabetes causes but it might get triggered; know-how
- Chemical toxins within food
- Bacterial or viral infection
- The unidentified ingredient that causes an autoimmune reaction
Type 2 Diabetes Causes
Since Type 2 diabetes causes are basically multifactorial and involve several causes. And one of the primary factors that cause Type 2 Diabetes is family history. However, here are the factors that might increase the developing condition.
- Increasing age
- Bad diet
- Living a sedentary lifestyle
3. Gestational Diabetes Causes
Gestational diabetes or the cause of diabetes in pregnancy is not known yet. However, some of the factors that can cause or increase your gestational diabetes are as follows
- Obese or overweight
- Having a large baby weighing more than 9lb
- Having a family history of gestational diabetes
- Suffering from polycystic ovary syndrome
Here are some other Diabetes causes
Some of the other potential diabetes causes are as follows:
- PCOS or Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is caused due to obesity that is linked with insulin resistance.
- Glucagonoma is caused due to the lack of equilibrium between the levels of glucagon and insulin production.
- Steroid-induced diabetes can happen if there is prolonged use of glucocorticoid therapy.
- Another cause of diabetes is the increase in the production of cortisol hormone. It increases blood glucose levels and is known as Cushing’s syndrome.
What Are The Risk Factors of Diabetes Over A Long Period Of Time?
The exact cause of Type 1 Diabetes is still not known but here are some of the risk factors that you must check
1. Risk Factors For Type 1 Diabetes
- Environment factors
- Family history
- The presence of damaging your immune system cells or autoantibodies
2. Risk Factors For Type 2 Diabetes
Doctors, as well as researchers, are not fully aware of the reason behind people developing prediabetes and type 2 diabetes. However, it is pretty clear that some factors can highly increase the risks.
- Gestational Diabetes
- Race or Ethnicity
- Family history
- High blood pressure
- Abnormal cholesterol
3. Risk Factors For Gestational Diabetes
Pregnant women are more intended to develop gestational diabetes. In fact, some other women can also face greater risk. Here are the risk factors for gestational diabetes
- Ethnicity or Race
- Personal or Family history
Treatment of diabetes and Specialist Care
If you can detect any of the symptoms mentioned above, it is very important to consult with the right doctor. A diabetes treatment specialist is also known to be an endocrinologist. Diabetes specialist specializes in the endocrine hormone system which helps in developing the pancreas and can protect you from any type of diabetes.
However, there are some common treatments available that will help you in getting rid of mild diabetes.
Consumption of Rapid-acting insulin could be a common procedure. It helps in lasting for 3-4 hours and stars working inside 15 minutes
Common short-acting insulin could last for 6-8 hours. They start working within 30 minutes.
Another common treatment is with the long-acting insulin which should be taken once daily and could last for 24 hours.
Diabetes Diagnosis Test Comparison Table
|Type of Test||Normal (mg/dL)||Prediabetes (mg/dL)||Diabetes (mg/dL)|
|Fasting glucose test||Less than 100||100-125||126 or higher|
|Random (anytime) glucose test||Less than 140||140-199||200 or higher|
|A1c test||Less than 5.7%||5.7 – 6.4%||6.5% or higher|
|Oral glucose tolerance test||Less than 140||140-199||200 or higher|
Key Diagnosis Stats of Diabetes
There are different types of tests available which help to determine the right set of diabetes when it comes to the blood tests.
1. Fasting sugar test
If you find that the test results in below 99 mg/dL or equal to it, then it is normal. When the test results around 125 mg/dL, you have Prediabetes. Anything above 126 mg/dL is considered as diabetes.
2. Random sugar test
If you find that the test results in anything more than 200 mg/dL, then it is considered that you have diabetes.
3. The Glucose Test
The blood sample is taken fast and after 1 or 2 hours of the meal. If you find that the test results in below 140 mg/dL or equal to it, then it is normal. When the test results around 199 mg/dL, you have Prediabetes. Anything above 200 mg/dL is considered as diabetes.
Not keeping a tab on diabetes early signs and not making any significant diagnosis about diabetes could lead to severe damage to your body. Treatment is very important when it comes to type 1 or type 2 diabetes.
Having the right type of diabetes treatment will help you in saving yourself from death. These tips mentioned above will help you in treating and detecting yourself from this chronic diabetes cure. However, it is important to consult with the right diabetes doctor before you go for treatment. Maintaining regular checkups is thus very important.